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THE GREAT


PROPHETS


OF GOD


In the Name of Allah,


the Most Gracious,


the Most Merciful


All Prophets and Messengers were sent


with one Message. God says:


“Or have they taken gods besides Him?


Say, [O Muhammad to them], ‘Produce


your proof. This [Qur’an] is the message


for those with me and the message of


THE GREAT


PROPHETS


OF GOD


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those before me.’ But most of them do


not know the truth, so they are turning


away. And We sent not before you any


messenger except that We revealed to


him that, ‘There is no deity except Me,


so worship Me.’” (Qur’an 21:24-25)


The belief in the Oneness of God was


the central message delivered by all


Prophets and Messengers to their


respective peoples. God, the Exalted,


says:


“He has ordained for you of religion


what He enjoined upon Noah and that


which We have revealed to you, [O


Muhammad], and what We enjoined


upon Abraham and Moses and Jesus -


to establish the religion and not be


divided therein. Difficult for those who


associate others with Allah is that to


which you invite them. Allah chooses for


Himself whom He wills and guides to


Himself whoever turns back [to Him].”


(Qur’an 42:13)


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01 THE PROPHET


NOAH


He is the first Messenger sent by God.


He was sent after his people began


practicing Shirk (polytheism). Their


condition deteriorated steadily and they


forgot the fundamentals of their faith


that were passed down to them by their


forefathers who upheld the creed of


Islam. God, the Exalted, says:


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“Indeed, We sent Noah to his people,


[saying], ‘Warn your people before there


comes to them a painful punishment.’”


(Qur’an 71:1)


They worshipped five idols named:


Wadd, Suwa’, Yaghuth, Ya’uq and Nasr.


Allah, the Exalted, clarifies their names


in the Qur’an saying:


“And they said, ‘Never leave your gods


and never leave Wadd or Suwa’ or


Yaghuth and Ya’uq and Nasr.’” (Qur’an


71:23)


The Prophet Noah was very pious and


truthful. He patiently called his people to


righteousness. He called on them using


a variety of different methods. God, the


Exalted, says:


“He said, ‘My Lord, indeed I invited my


people [to truth] night and day. But my


invitation increased them not except in


flight. And indeed, every time I invited


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them that You may forgive them, they put


their fingers in their ears, covered


themselves with their garments,


persisted, and were arrogant with [great]


arrogance. Then I invited them publicly.


Then I announced to them and [also]


confided to them secretly. And said, ‘Ask


forgiveness of your Lord. Indeed, He is


ever a Perpetual Forgiver.’” (Qur’an 71:5-10)


In spite of his efforts, many of his people


turned away and rejected the Message.


Only a few followed him and the


disbelievers amongst his people continued


in their disbelief and evil ways. So Allah


prevented them from receiving any rain.


Noah informed them that if they were to


believe they would receive rain and so


they believed, but soon afterward they


returned to their disbelief. After spending


long years in calling them to the path of


Allah, but seeing no answer, he eventually


beseeched God, the Exalted, saying:


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“And Noah said, ‘My Lord, do not leave


upon the earth from among the


disbelievers an inhabitant. Indeed, if You


leave them, they will mislead Your


servants and not beget except [every]


wicked one and [confirmed] disbeliever.’”


(Qur’an 71:26-27)


Allah answered his supplications and


He ordered him to build an ark. Noah


was a skillful carpenter and those who


believed in the Message helped him.


Once the ark was complete, God


ordered Prophet Noah to gather a pair


of each animal (a male and female). God


then ordered the heavens to pour rain


and the earth to release the water within


it. God, the Exalted, says:


“The people of Noah denied before


them, and they denied Our slave and


said, ‘A madman,’ and he was repelled.


So he invoked his Lord, ‘Indeed, I am


overpowered, so help me.’ Then We


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opened the gates of the heaven with rain


pouring down. And caused the earth to


burst with springs, and the waters met


for a matter already predestined. And


We carried him on a [construction of]


planks and nails. Sailing under Our


observation as reward for he who had


been denied. And We left it as a sign, so


is there any who will remember?” (Qur’an


54:9-15)


The Prophet Noah had three


offspring: Sam was the father of the


Arabs, Ham was the father of the


Ethiopians and Yafith was the father of


the Europeans.


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02 THE PROPHET


ABRAHAM


(IBRAHIM)


He is known as Khalil ar-Rahman (The


Beloved Friend of God). His eldest son


was Ismail (Ishmael) and his second son


was Ishaq (Isaac), both prophets. From


their descendants came the majority of


Prophets and Messengers. Allah, the


Exalted, says:


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“Praise be to Allah, who has granted to


me in my old age Ishmael and Isaac.


Indeed, my Lord is the Hearer of


supplication.” (Qur’an 14:39)


Allah chose him to deliver His message.


The Prophet Abraham was living in


a community of polytheists. They were


idolaters who worshipped the stars and


hand-made idols. Allah, the Exalted,


says:


“And [mention, O Muhammad], when


Abraham said to his father Azar, ‘Do you


take idols as deities? Indeed, I see you


and your people to be in manifest error.’


And thus did We show Abraham the


realm of the heavens and the earth that


he would be among the certain [in faith].


So when the night covered him [with


darkness], he saw a star. He said, ‘This


is my lord.’ But when it set, he said, ‘I like


not those that disappear.’ And when he


saw the moon rising, he said, ‘This is my


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lord.’ But when it set, he said, ‘Unless


my Lord guides me, I will surely be


among the people gone astray.’ And


when he saw the sun rising, he said,


‘This is my lord; this is greater.’ But when


it set, he said, ‘O my people, indeed I am


free from what you associate with Allah.


Indeed, I have turned my face toward He


who created the heavens and the earth,


inclining toward truth, and I am not of


those who associate others with Allah.’”


(Qur’an 6:74-79)


He was not happy with what he


witnessed from his people. He sensed


that there had to be a God who was


greater than what his people


worshipped. He knew that these idols


did not have the power to offer any


benefit or harm! Abraham would


frequently argue with his people using


logical arguments as to why these idols


did not deserve any reverence. He said,


as God tells us:


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“And recite to them the news of


Abraham, When he said to his father


and his people, ‘What do you worship?’


They said, ‘We worship idols and remain


to them devoted.’ He said, ‘Do they


hear you when you supplicate? Or do


they benefit you, or do they bring harm?’


They said, ‘But we found our fathers


doing thus.’ He said, ‘Then do you see


what you have been worshipping, You


and your ancient forefathers? Indeed,


they are enemies to me, except the Lord


of the worlds, Who created me, and He


[it is who] guides me. And it is He who


feeds me and gives me drink. And when


I am ill, it is He who cures me. And who


will cause me to die and then bring me


to life. And who I aspire that He will


forgive me my sin on the Day of


Recompense.’ [And he said], ‘My Lord,


grant me authority and join me with the


righteous.’” (Qur’an 26:69-83)


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The Prophet Abraham continued calling


his people to the path of Allah, to believe


in the Oneness of God and to leave


aside all that they worshipped. But they


rejected his message and even tried to


kill him, but Allah saved him. Allah tells


us about this, saying:


“He said, ‘Then do you worship instead


of Allah that which does not benefit you


at all or harm you? Uff to you and to


what you worship instead of Allah. Then


will you not use reason?’ They said,


‘Burn him and support your gods - if


you are to act.’ Allah said, ‘O fire, be


coolness and safety upon Abraham.’


And they intended for him harm, but We


made them the greatest losers.” (Qur’an


21: 66-70)


After continuous preaching, God


ordained that the Prophet Abraham take


his wife, Hajar, and their son, Ismail, to


Makkah. There, God ordained that he


build the Ka’bah. From the Prophet


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Ismail’s progeny came the final prophet


of God, the Prophet Muhammad, who


was sent to all of mankind. Allah, the


Exalted, says:


“And [mention] when Abraham said, ‘My


Lord, make this a secure city and provide


its people with fruits whoever of them


believes in Allah and the Last Day.’ [Allah]


said, ‘And whoever disbelieves - I will


grant him enjoyment for a little. Then I


will force him to the punishment of the


Fire, and wretched is the destination.’


And [mention] when Abraham was


raising the foundations of the House and


[with him] Ishmael, [saying], ‘Our Lord,


accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the


Hearing, the Knowing. Our Lord, and


make us Muslims [in submission] to You


and from our descendants a Muslim


nation [in submission] to You. And show


us our rites and accept our repentance.


Indeed, You are the Accepting of


repentance, the Merciful. Our Lord, and


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send among them a messenger from


themselves who will recite to them Your


verses and teach them the Book and


wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You


are the Exalted in Might, the Wise.’”


(Qur’an 2:126-129)


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03 THE PROPHET


MOSES


(MUSA)


“And when Moses arrived at Our


appointed time and his Lord spoke to


him, he said, ‘My Lord, show me


[Yourself] that I may look at You.’ [Allah]


said, ‘You will not see Me, but look at


the mountain. If it should remain in


place, then you will see Me.’ But when


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his Lord appeared to the mountain, it


was rendered dust, and Moses fell


unconscious. And when he awoke, he


said, ‘Exalted are You! I have repented


to You, and I am the first of the


believers.’” (Qur’an 7:143)


The Prophet Moses has been mentioned


in the Qur’an over 130 times, making


him the most mentioned prophet in the


Qur’an. God provided him with nine


miracles. The first was when his staff


was transformed into a serpent, by the


will of Allah. The second miracle was


when his hand shone forth with a


beautiful, radiant light. These signs were


granted to Moses so that he could


convince Pharaoh of the fallacies of his


ways and so that he would accept


Islam. Allah, the Exalted, says:


“And Moses said, ‘O Pharaoh, I am a


messenger from the Lord of the worlds.


Obligated not to say about Allah except


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the truth. I have come to you with clear


evidence from your Lord, so send with


me the Children of Israel.’ [Pharaoh]


said, ‘If you have come with a sign, then


bring it forth, if you be of the truthful.’ So


Moses threw down his staff, and


suddenly it was a serpent, manifest.


And he drew out his hand; it was white


[with radiance] for all to see.” (Qur’an


7:104-108)


Allah sent him to the Pharaoh of Egypt


and his people to call them to the belief


in the Oneness of Allah and to cast


aside all of their falsely worshipped


gods. God, the Exalted, says:


“And Pharaoh said, ‘O eminent ones, I


have not known you to have a god other


than me. Then ignite for me, O Haman, [a


fire] upon the clay and make for me a


tower that I may look at the God of Moses.


And indeed, I do think he is among the


liars.’” (Qur’an 28:38)


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Prophet Moses called the Pharaoh with


wisdom and beautiful words to believe


in the Oneness of Allah. But the Pharaoh


opposed him and gathered together all


of the sorcerers of that time to defeat


Moses. Moses, however, was victorious,


as his staff transformed, by the will of


Allah, into a snake and swallowed the


deceptions cast by the sorcerers. Allah


mentions this story to us:


“Said the eminent among the people of


Pharaoh, ‘Indeed, this is a learned


magician Who wants to expel you from


your land [through magic], so what do


you instruct?’ They said, ‘Postpone [the


matter of] him and his brother and send


to the cities gatherers who will bring you


every learned magician.’ And the


magicians came to Pharaoh. They said,


‘Certainly there is for us a reward if we


are the predominant?’ He said, “Yes,


and moreover you will be among those


made near [to me].’ They said, ‘O


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Moses, either you throw [your staff], or


we will be the ones to throw [first].’ He


said, ‘Throw,’ and when they threw,


they bewitched the eyes of the people


and struck terror into them, and they


presented a great [feat of] magic. And


We inspired to Moses, ‘Throw your


staff,’ and at once it devoured what they


were falsifying. So the truth was


established, and abolished was what


they were doing. And Pharaoh and his


people were overcome there and


became debased. And the magicians


fell down in prostration [to Allah].” (Qur’an


7:109-120)


The Pharaoh and his people disbelieved


in the Message of God, so God punished


them with a number of trials. He sent


upon them floods, locusts, lice, frogs,


and blood as signs. Still, they refused


and persisted in disbelief. Each


punishment was lifted by the blessing of


the supplication of Prophet Moses.


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Shortly after each event, they returned


and persisted in their disbelief. Allah


says about this:


“And they said, ‘No matter what sign you


bring us with which to bewitch us, we will


not be believers in you.’ So We sent upon


them the flood, locusts, lice, frogs and


blood as distinct signs, but they were


arrogant and were a criminal people. And


when the punishment descended upon


them, they said, ‘O Moses, invoke for us


your Lord by what He has promised you.


If you [can] remove the punishment from


us, we will surely believe you, and we will


send with you the Children of Israel.’ But


when We removed the punishment from


them until a term which they were to


reach, then at once they broke their word.”


(Qur’an 7:132-1355)


After all of this, Allah ordered the Prophet


Moses to take his people, under the


cover of night, and leave Egypt, so that


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they could practice their faith freely.


Once the Pharaoh realized that they had


left, he chased after them with his


troops. Moses and his people reached


the shores of the Red Sea, at which the


Children of Israel exclaimed, “The


Pharaoh will capture us!” Moses, who


had complete trust in God, struck his


staff on the water and the sea parted


into pathways through which his people


entered, by the will of Allah. Allah then


saved Moses and his people and


destroyed Pharaoh in the sea. God, the


Exalted, says:


“And when the two parties saw one


another, the companions of Moses said,


‘Indeed, we are to be overtaken!’ [Moses]


said, ‘No! Indeed, with me is my Lord; He


will guide me.’ Then We inspired to Moses,


‘Strike with your staff the sea,’ and it


parted, and each portion was like a great


towering mountain. And We advanced


thereto the pursuers. And We saved


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Moses and those with him, all together.


Then We drowned the others.” (Qur’an


26:61-66)


God, the Exalted, then says:


“And We took the Children of Israel


across the sea, and Pharaoh and his


soldiers pursued them in tyranny and


enmity until, when drowning overtook


him, he said, ‘I believe that there is no


deity except that in whom the Children of


Israel believe, and I am of the Muslims.’


Now? And you had disobeyed [Him]


before and were of the corrupters? So


today We will save your body that you


may be to those who succeed you a


sign. And indeed, many among the


people, of Our signs, are heedless.”


(Qur’an 10:90-92)


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04 THE PROPHET


صلى الله عليه وسلم MUHAMMAD


is the last of صلى الله عليه وسلم The Prophet Muhammad


the Prophets and Messengers. He was


sent by God to all of mankind. He is from


the family of the Prophet Ishmael, the son


of Abraham. He was born in Makkah, a


few months after the death of his father.


His mother later died while he was still


young, and he was cared for by his


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Grandfather, Abdul-Muttalib, and later by


his uncle Abu Talib.


was a صلى الله عليه وسلم The Prophet Muhammad


shepherd taking care of a flock of sheep


in Makkah. He was very well-known for


being trustworthy and having never told


a lie in his life. The people of Makkah


even called him “The Truthful” and “The


Trustworthy”. Whenever people left for a


trip, they would entrust him with their


valuables.


When he reached the age of 40, God sent


the Angel Gabriel to him and appointed


Muhammad as a Prophet and Messenger


to mankind. He spent 13 years in Makkah


calling people to the path of God and later


on migrated to Madinah. The people of


Madinah responded and accepted Islam


in droves. He died when he was 63 years


old. His followers then spread the Message


of Islam across the world, and until today


people are accepting Islam in large


numbers across the globe.


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05 JESUS, THE


MESSENGER


OF GOD


Family of Imran


Prophets and Messengers were sent by


God continuously after the Prophet


Noah, may God praise him. God, the


Exalted, says:


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“Muhammad is not the father of [any]


one of your men, but [he is] the


Messenger of God and last of the


prophets. And ever is God, of all things,


Knowing.” (Qur’an 33:40)


The Prophet Jesus, the last Prophet


from the Children of Israel, has a special


place in the hearts of Muslims. He


informed his people of the advent of


and he is صلى الله عليه وسلم Prophet Muhammad


mentioned in the Qur’an 25 times.


God has conveyed to us in the Qur’an


some of the original passages that He


revealed to Jesus. God also mentions


details about the life of Mary, the mother


of Jesus. She is spoken of highly and is


known for being pure and chaste. God,


the Exalted, says:


“Indeed, God chose Adam and Noah


and the family of Abraham and the family


of ‘Imran over the worlds. Descendants,


some of them from others. And God is


Hearing and Knowing.” (Qur’an 3:33-34)


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Mary, may God praise her


God has praised Mary, the mother of


the Prophet Jesus. God describes


Maryam as pure, chaste and pious. He,


the Exalted, says:


“And [the example of] Mary, the daughter


of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity, so


We blew into [her garment] through Our


angel, and she believed in the words of


her Lord and His scriptures and was of


the devoutly obedient.” (Qur’an 66:12)


The Qur’an clarifies that the birth of


Mary was the result of a supplication


that her own mother made. God, the


Exalted, says:


“[Mention, O Muhammad], when the


wife of ‘Imran said, ‘My Lord, indeed I


have pledged to You what is in my


womb, consecrated [for Your service],


so accept this from me. Indeed, You are


the Hearing, the Knowing.’” (Qur’an 3:35)


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This supplication was the indirect cause


through which she and her offspring


were protected by God from the Devil.


God provided for Mary and reared her


with His blessings. Allah says:


“But when she delivered her, she said,


‘My Lord, I have delivered a female.’


And God was most aware of what she


delivered, indeed the male is not like the


female. ‘And I have named her Mary,


and I seek refuge for her in You and [for]


her descendants from Satan, the


expelled [from the mercy of God].’ So


her Lord accepted her with good


acceptance, caused her to grow in a


good manner and put her in the care of


Zechariah. Every time Zechariah entered


upon her in the prayer chamber, he


found with her provision. He said, ‘O


Mary, from where is this [coming] to


you?’ She said, ‘It is from God. Indeed,


God provides for whom He wills without


account.’” (Qur’an 3:36-37)


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Mary was very pious in her worship of


God. She was the best of women in her


generation. The Prophet, may God


praise him, said:


“From among the women of the world


who have reached perfection and who


are worthy of following are: Mary, the


daughter of Imrân; Khadijah, the


daughter of Khuwaylid; Fatima, the


daughter of Muhammed and Asiyah,


the wife of Pharaoh.” (Tirmidhi).


God, the Exalted, says:


“And [mention] when the angels said, ‘O


Mary, indeed God has chosen you and


purified you and chosen you above the


women of the worlds. O Mary, be


devoutly obedient to your Lord and


prostrate and bow with those who bow


[in prayer].’” (Qur’an 3:42-43)


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God revealed an entire chapter in the


Qur’an carrying her name. It is the 19th


chapter in the Qur’an. It is the only


chapter in the Qur’an named after a


woman, and in it God praises Mary. A


praise of a similar nature cannot be


found in any of the previous Scriptures.


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To download and read the complete book,


click on the cover picture here.


This is an excerpt


of a larger book titled


“Jesus in the Quran”


by Abd Ar-Rahman


bin Abd Al-Kareem Ash-Sheha.


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